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Muir Central College, now part of the Science Faculty of Allahabad University
The foundation stone of the Muir Central College, was laid by Governor-General of India, Lord Northbrook on December 9, 1873. The College was named after Sir William Muir, Lt. Governor of United Province, who was instrumental in its foundation. The building was designed by William Emerson, who also designed Victoria Memorial in Kolkata and Crawford Market in Mumbai in a unique combination of Indo-Saracenic, Egyptian and Gothic styles.
Initially it functioned under, University of Calcutta, and later, on 23 September 1887, the University of Allahabad was established, making it the fourth modern University established in India.
It began as an affiliating and examining body for graduate and Post-graduate degrees with a classical orientation in different branches of learning and the responsibility for secondary education as well. However, by 1904, the University established its own teaching departments and instituted doctoral research programmes. The University Senate hall was opened by the lieutenant-governor, Sir John Hewett, in 1912. In 1921, with the promulgation of the ‘Allahabad University Act of 1921’, the Muir Central College merged with University, which was re-organised as a unitary teaching and residential University. Further, over the next few years its affiliated Colleges were transferred to Agra University and the task of conducting secondary-level examinations was relocated.
In 1951, the University (while maintaining its fundamental unitary character) recognised certain local institutions as Associated Colleges authorised to teach undergraduate courses under the Faculties of Arts, Commerce, Science, and Law.
The University has had the privilege of having on its rolls a host of distinguished politicians and statesmen including, one President and two Vice-Presidents of the country, two former Prime Ministers, several Union and State ministers, at least four Chief Justices of the Supreme Court, besides a large number of senior bureaucrats. The list of eminent educationists, scientists, historians, littrateurs, economists, and philosophers produced by the University is much too long a list to be reproduced but speaks highly of the University’s standards in education.
In view of these prestigious achievements by the Institution, as well as its position among the universities of Uttar Pradesh, the State Government accorded it formal recognition in July 1992 as a remier Institution (Vishesh Agrani Sanstha).
In 1987, the University completed one hundred years of establishment. It was during the centenary celebrations of the University that the demand for “Central status” to the University was made unanimously by the students, faculty, and employees. After a sustained campaign and several hiccups, the Government of India finally acceded to the public demand. In December 2004, a Bill was introduced in Parliament proposing to recognise the University of Allahabad as an nstitution of National Importance to restore the Central character of the University. Both Houses of the Parliament duly passed “The University of Allahabad Act, 2005″ in May 2005.
On 23 June 2005, the President of India gave his assent to the said bill and the University was finally declared an ‘Institution of National Importance’ once again. The Government of India issued the gazette notification for the same on July 11, 2005, and the University started functioning as a Central University on July 14, 2005 making it a red-letter day in its 118 years old history.
The University of Allahabad Act, 2005 has provided for the following to be deemed as the Constituent Colleges of the University1. Five Faculties (Arts, Commerce, Law, Medicine, and Science),
2. Three University institutes(namely the Institute of Inter-Disciplinary Studies, the Institute of Professional Studies, and the National Centre of Experimental Mineralogy and Petrology) and one Independent University Centre (The Centre of Behavioural and Cognitive Sciences),
3. One University college (The Motilal Nehru Medical College and Swarup Rani Nehru Hospital, Allahabad),
4. Three Constituent Institutes (The Govind Ballabh Pant Social Science Institute, Allahabad, the Harish Chandra Research Institute of Mathematics and Mathematical Physics, Allahabad and the Kamla Nehru Post-graduate Medical Institute, Allahabad),and,
5. Eleven local institutions.
Several new departments have been instituted, and established departments have ventured into new directions in order to keep up with developments in the academic world. This is despite severe resource constraints, particularly uncertain funding and populist demands which act as an inertial drag on initiatives for academic modernisation.
The University has been successful in ensuring appropriate per capita levels of availability and access of academic resources and amenities, and sustaining ideal quanta of face-to-face interaction between faculty and students.
The University has had considerable success in making regular ourse corrections for keeping pace with up-to-date trends in teaching-learning, research, and academic/community extension activities. Two of its departments namely Ancient History, Culture & Archaeology and Psychology are recognised as UGC Centres of Advanced Study, and five more are (or have been) UGC Departments of Special Assistance. Several departments in the Faculty of Science are covered by the COSIST and FIST Programmes. Several major research projects awarded by national R & D agencies have been successfully completed, and several Departmental or Inter-Departmental Research Groups and individual faculty members are currently engaged in carrying out numerous other projects.
These projects (as well as earlier and current collaborative academic programmes with agencies such as the CSIR, the DST, the DBT, the DOD, the DoS, the DRDO, ICSSR, ICHR, UGC, NCERT, Planning Commission etc) have helped augment and expand research facilities and infrastructure. The Physics Department has, for instance, established a Nanophosphor Application Centre with the financial assistance of the DST. The University has also signed a Memorandum of Understanding with Nano Crystal Technology, New York for the Centre development. The Centre would undertake advanced studies in the synthesis and characterisation of Nanophosphor material and Nanobiotechnology. The Physics Department is also planning to establish a High Fluence Low Energy Ion Beam facility with the help of the DST. The CSIR has granted a hair to the University on Intellectual Property Rights (IPR), and the University has already prepared a Plan of Action in the IPR field. The UGC has also established the M. N. Saha Chair, the Munshi Prem Chand Chair and the Nirala Chair in the Physics, Urdu and Hindi Departments respectively.
The University has well-established professional programmes in Business Management, Electronic and Tele-communication Engineering, Law, Medicine, Educational Training, Human Resource Development and Management, Journalism and Mass Communication among others. In accordance with the UGC Scheme for vocational courses, vocational options have been provided in the graduate degree programmes.
The University has also been developing independent post-graduate professional courses in the light of emerging requirements for specialised personnel in various fields, and several such courses are being offered by the Institute of Professional Studies (IPS), which has been set up to articulate specific linkages between the orld of learning and the orld of living. The Institute is offering short term and medium term professional courses on self-financial basis. Centre of Food Technology and Centre of Computer Education are two activities, which are ongoing and offering Diploma Certificate Courses. Professional courses in few other areas will be supported under the umbrella of this Institute.
The University has established the Institute of Inter-disciplinary Studies (IIDS) in order to pursue a non-conventional paradigm for research activities and provide an autonomous platformree from the often vexatious formalities and time consuming procedures involved in inter-Departmental interactionsor focused inter- and multi-disciplinary explorations in post-graduate programmes and research. The IIDS is designed as a loose collective of Centres dedicated to different areas. Centres for Atmospheric and Ocean Studies, Space Sciences, Biotechnology, Mobile Communication for Developing Countries (CMCDC), Bio-medical NMR, and Consciousness Studies have already started working. Other planned Centres will cover well-focused inter-disciplinary areas such as Environmental Science, Genetic Engineering, Intellectual Property Rights (IPR), Human Resource Development, Globalisation and its Effects among others. It is already conducting a post-graduate programme and several high-end research projects. Other post-graduate courses and M. Phil. and D. Phil. programmes are on the anvil. The activities of the IIDS are funded by project and other grants from national agencies and institutes by the faculty members of the University. The IIDS is seeking special grants for infrastructure and research faculty and staff to enlarge the scope of its activities. The UGC has recently sanctioned quite a few teaching positions for several centres of IIDS.
The University has also instituted an inter-disciplinary undergraduate science programme (Applied Sciences) with the objective of inculcating a cross-disciplinary approach involving the Physical Sciences and Biology streams, both, to give appropriate grounding for higher post-graduate studies in such subjects as Biophysics, Biochemistry, Biotechnology, Bio informatics, Environmental Science, NanoScience, Nano Technology, Medical Physics among others. Several departments are also gearing up their post-graduate programmes with particular stress on futuristic possibilities and planning professional courses as self-financing package.
Many University departments in the modular pattern, by themselves or in co-operation with other departments, have initiated or worked out self-financing diploma and proficiency courses. The Department of Psychology, for instance, had instituted a highly successful professional inter-disciplinary M. Psy. (Master of Psychology) programme in Human Resource Development and Management in the Ninth Plan period. This programme is, however, not being offered in the current academic year because of the shortage of faculty. It is also proposed to rename the programme, in view of the recommendation of the UGC, as Master in Human Resource Development and Management. The Department has, apart from significant outreach activities, also implemented the concept of afeteria choice courses/modules, credit courses in other departments and obligatory field studies in their Post-graduate programme. The Regional Learning Resource and Documentation Centre, which was set up by the Department in the Ninth Plan period, is to be further strengthened in the Eleventh Plan period. The University has also established a world class autonomous Centre of Behavioural and Cognitive Sciences under the University Grants Commission scheme of UPE during the Tenth Plan. Specialists from as diverse disciplines as Cognitive Psychology, Computer Science, Linguistics, Neuro- Science, Philosophy, and Psychology work together in the Centre to offer Masters and D. Phil courses in Behavioural and Cognitive Sciences.
The Geography Department has created a modern Remote Sensing and Geographical Information System (RS/GIS) unit (as a Central facility) during the Ninth Plan, for research, database development and the conduct of a Post-graduate Diploma course in RS/GIS.
The Department of Economics has been given a hair by the Planning Commission to promote research in the field of planning and development. The syllabi incorporate new areas of teaching and research in Environmental Economics and the economic and societal impact of globalisation on India, with particular emphasis on projects/studies on its social, political, legal, and cultural aspects. The research base is being further strengthened by the upgradation of the Statistics Laboratory. The Department has also introduced a one year Post-graduate Diploma Course in Foreign Trade.
The University has taken advantage of the rapid advances and expansion of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and has attempted to move in step with the ICT Revolution, within the framework of available facilities and funds. The salient features of the application of ICT in the University are as follows:
Computerisation was initiated in the admission and examination processes in the mid-1980s and these processes are now completely computerised. In the course of the past decade computerisation has been extended, mainly through the Administrative Computer Centre (established in 1984), to establishment records and procedures, finances, accounts and examination records. Work is under way to computerise the proceedings and records of University bodies, student records, the management of academic and research activities, personnel management, and other fields of academic and administrative functioning. The administrative units now have their own dedicated computer systems that are being linked up through the campus-networking project.
The University Computer Centre (UCC) was instituted in the early 1980s with UGC assistance as a central unit for researchers requiring EDP facilities and for imparting training/experience in computer methods to faculty, research scholars, and students. There has been regular system upgradation of the UCC, and it is now also being utilised to provide familiarisation/training to staff in the use and application of computers. The Institute of Professional Studies is conducting similar programmes of computer education for students as short-term modular courses.
Most of the Science Faculty Departments, as well as some of the Social Science/Management Departments have been equipped with up-to-date computer systems by the end of the Eighth Plan, and the objective of the Ninth Plan to upgrade existing systems and provide computer systems to the remaining Departments has been largely achieved. The Departments are using their ICT facilities for research as well as teaching activities.
During the Ninth Plan, the University established the Central Internet Access Facility (CIAF) and commenced the networking of the Departments and other academic/research/administrative units. Networking between the Departments and units in the Arts, Science, Commerce, and Law Campuses has almost been completed. This project will realise the objective of optimum sharing of departmental resources and enable cost-efficient global access (through the CIAF) for academic and research work.
The programme of computerisation and global networking of the Central, Faculty, and Departmental Libraries has moved beyond the planning stage. An elaborate Electronic Library is being planned as well.
The University has worked out a proposal to institute Web-based education programmes, initially through modular professional courses for graduates and then with specially designed courses on Indian Culture, Archaeology and other areas involving several Departments.
The University strongly emphasises utreach programmes, recognising the need to relating the academic activities of the University with social imperatives. Such programmes envisage the integration of extension with research proposals and teaching curricula. The purpose is to involve the University departments in serving the developmental and other needs of specific segments of the community. The University recognises the need for co-operation with various government agencies and NGOS in extension initiatives. Efforts are also underway to establish linkages with the corporate world and imparting training to the students in the areas of mutual interests without disturbing the regular academic schedule of the University.
Affiliation: Acceptance and Revocation
There has been much controversy related to the merger of the Motilal Nehru Medical College with the University. This has, however, been resolved. The Honorable High Court of Allahabad, has recently passed an order directing that integration of the Medical College with the University be completed by October 1, 2006. The affiliation of the S. P. Mukherjee Government Degree College with the University has yet to be finalised because of the objections raised by the Government of Uttar Pradesh.
Unfortunately, Harish Chandra Research Institute of Mathematics and Mathematical Physics, Allahabad and Kamla Nehru Post-Graduate Medical Institute, Allahabad have sought to revoke their affiliation from the University. The same has been endorsed by the Executive Council of the University. (Further action in this matter would be taken once the Honorable President of India, the Visitor of the University, gives his consent to the recommendation of the University Executive Council).
Academic Departments
The following are the different academic departments offering degrees and performing research at the University.
Faculty of Arts
Ancient History, Culture and Archaeology
Arabic and Persian
English & Modern European Languages
Medieval & Modern History
Music & Performing Arts
Physical Education
Political Science
Journalism and Mass Communication
U G C – Academic Staff College
Department of Visual Arts
BFA (Fine Art)
Faculty of Commerce
Commerce and Business Administration
Faculty of Law
It is one of the oldest department of legal studies in India. It has the credit of producing a pretty large number of eminent jurists legal luminaries and judges par excellence including, judge of the Internationl Court of Justice, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of India and many other judges of High Courts in India.Hon’ble Mr. Justice D.Straight, Bar-at-law,became the first Chairman of the Law Department in 1890
Faculty of Science
Defence and Strategic Studies
Earth & Planetary Sciences
Electronics & Communication also known as J K Institute of Applied Physics and Technology
Home Science
B.Tech. (CS and EC)
New Departments Under UGC Plan
Department of Atmospheric and Ocean Science
Food Technology
Centre of Behavioural and Cognitive Sciences
Environmental Science
Globalization and Development Studies
School of Language
Institute of Inter Disciplinary Studies
Motilal Nehru Institute of Research and Business Administration(one the oldest institute imparting management degree)
K. Banerjee Center of Atmospheric and Ocean Studies (KBCAOS),IIDS Estd. 2000
M. N. Saha Centre of Space Studies (MNC0SS), IIDS Estd. 2001
Bachlore of Science(Applied science)i.e.Bioinformatics,Biotechnology,Biophysics,Biochemistry etc
Nanophosphor Application Centre
The campus of the University is spread over in the sprawling city of Allahabad.
Allahabad University has a number of residential hostels that house students for the duration of their study. Some of the hostels are:
Tarachand Hostel
Holland Hall
Ganganath Jha Hostel
Priyadarshani Hostel (Girls)
Diamond Jublee Hostel
Sarojini Naidu Hostel (Girls)
P. C. Banarjee Hostel
Sir Sunderlal Hostel
Hindu Hostel
Amarnath Jha Hostel
International House
Shatabdi Hostel (Girls)
Muslim Boarding House
K.P.U.C Hostel
Shatabdi Boy’s Hostel
Kalpana Chawla (Girls)
Jain Hostel
The following colleges are affiliated to Allahabad University:
Allahabad Degree College
C.M.P Degree College- the oldest affiliated college of Allahabad University.
Arya Kanya Degree College
Jagat Taran Girls Degree College
Ishwar Sharan Degree Collage
Ewing christian college (an autonomous college)
S.S Khanna Girls Degree College
S.P.M Govt. Degree College
Hamidia Girls Degree College-Constituent Minority College.
KP Training College
Rajarshi Tandon Girls Degree College
Govind Ballabh Pant Social Science Institute
Notable alumni include:
Madan Mohan Malaviya
Motilal Nehru
Govind Ballabh Pant
Dr. Shankar Dayal Sharma, former President of India
Gopal Swarup Pathak, former Vice President of India
Gulzari Lal Nanda, former Prime Minister of India
Vishwanath Pratap Singh,10th Prime Minister of India
Chandra Shekhar, former Prime Minister of India
Narayan Dutt Tiwari, former Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand and [Governer of Andhra Pradesh]
Hemvati Nandan Bahuguna, former Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh
Satyendra Narayan Sinha, former Chief Minister of Bihar
Arjun Singh, former Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh
Madan Lal Khurana, former Chief Minister of Delhi
Nikhil Kumar, former IPS, Member of Parliament of India
Saiyid Nurul Hasan, Governor of West Bengal and Orissa
Sir Syed Wazir Hasan, Chief Justice of Awadh Chief Court
Writer and Academics
Dr. Rafiq Hussain, Urdu writer, poet, academic, author, Head of Urdu Department Allahabad University
Mahadevi Varma, poet and writer
Harivansh Rai Bachchan, poet
Dharamvir Bharati, writer
Kamleshwar, writer
Mrinal Pande, writer
Bhagwati Charan Verma (19031981), Hindi writer
Vibhuti Narain Rai, writer, IPS officer and presently Vice-Chancellor of Wardha-based Mahatma Gandhi Antarrashtriya Hindi Vishwavidyalaya
Krishna Prakash Bahadur, author
Ravindra Khattree, statistician, academic, author
Acharya Narendra Dev
Neelesh Jain Journalist, Author, Academician , Poet and Professional Copywriter.
Chandradhar Sharma Guleri, writer
Krishna Kumar Sharma, Quit India Movement activist, poet and literary figure
Prof. Ram Chandra Shukla, painter
Surya Bahadur Thapa
Prof. Prabhu Lal Bhatnagar, Mathematician
Prof. Daulat Singh Kothari, physicist
Prof. Harish Chandra, mathematician
Pankaj Mishra, author
Prof. Prem Chand Pandey, Scientist, Physicist, Meteorologist(SAC/ISRO), Oceanographer, and Founder Director NCAOR-Indian Antarctic Program, Goa
Jagdish Narain Sapru, former ITC Limited chairman
Ajit Narain Haksar, former chairman of ITC Limited
Maharishi Mahesh Yogi
Udit Raj, social activist
Mohammad Hidayatullah, former Chief Justice of India
Kamal Narain Singh, former Chief Justice of India
V. N. Khare, former Chief Justice of India
Krishnaswamy Sundarji Chief of Army Staff
Further reading
The Muir Central College, Allahabad: its origin, foundation, and completion, by W. H. Wright, Published in 1985, Govt. Press, North-Western Provinces and Oudh (Allahabad).
Materials and Motifs of the Philosophical Traditions of Allahabad University, by Sangam Lal Pandey. Published by Ram Nath Kaul Library of Philosophy, University of Allahabad, 1981.
Hundred years of Allahabad University, by Moti Lal Bhargava. Published by Ashish Pub. House, 1987. ISBN 8170241626.
^  ”Muir, Sir William”. Encyclopdia Britannica (11th ed.). 1911.  .”..In 1885 he was elected principal of Edinburgh University ”
^ History Allahabad University website.
^ Allahabad Varsity to become a central university The Times of India, May 11, 2005.
^ Central University status restored for Allahabad University Ministry of Human Resource Development, Press Information Bureau, Government of India. June 24, 2005.
^ Muir College The Hindu, June 9, 2006.
^ This campus had its Bharadwaj years ago Indian Express, November 17, 1998.” Leaders of the stature of Madan Mohan Malaviya, Purshottam Das Tandon, Acharya Narendra Dev and scholars like Amar Nath Jha and M N Saha are among its alumni.”
==External links==
Allahabad University Official Website
Allahabad University Website.
BALLB(Hons.) Five Years Integrated Law Course, University Of Allahabad
Centre for Behavioural and Cognitive Sciences, Allahabad University
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Universities in Uttar Pradesh
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