Health Is A Social Phenomenon

Health is a complex process which involves different aspects of human life and relations with the environment. The healthcare model involves social, economic and personal development issues important for every individual. Health is the most precious gist every human has; still social and economic factors have a profound impact on health and illness conditions. Models of health and power determine human conditions and ability of a person to regain health. Participation in healthcare promotion is intended not only to lead to a more efficient and effective delivery system, but allows members of the local community to play some part in the provision of those services by mobilizing community resources of money, labor and resources. The most important aspects of healthcare model are lifestyle, environmental and social factors. By encouraging individuals to participate in the existing health care system in this way, it is argued that the limited national resources available for health care can be spread further because of the additional resources mobilized within the society. For example, adequately supervised people acting as personnel can provide an acceptable and safe service, and can refer patients to more qualified personnel in cases requiring greater medical expertise.
Health is a social phenomenon as social and economic conditions stipulate the quality of medical services available for every citizen. The models of health (i.e. disease model, social justice model, subjective model, consumer model, risk model) determine social conditions and explain relations between health and illness (McKibben, 2007). Disease model and subjective model allows to say that low class location and low income are causes of poor health and psychological problems. The role and duty of a mental health nurse is to provide adaptive behavior patterns and support patients from different backgrounds and ages. Similarly, promoting adaptive behavior in response to prolonged health threats, for which individuals will have formed stable representations, requires attention both to the immediate impact of emotional arousal on disease representational attributes and to the reformulation of the cognitive and emotional associations established within the representational schemata. Failure, to assess the ongoing sequence of procedures that unfold in the management of both the objective features of a health threat and the emotions provoked by that threat, ignores the contingencies among coping strategies and the possibility of a positive role for affectively focused coping. For example, effective management of a painful and potentially dangerous health threat that provokes intense and relatively prolonged active fear states might require periods of “time out” to allow one to recoup resources for problem management. When and how this “time out” is spent could be critical for adaptation. If it is spent in ruminative thought that amplifies emotional distress.

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